Neurofeedback, also called brain-based biofeedback or EEG-based biofeedback, is a form of biofeedback that measures the brain's electrical activity and feeds it back to the individual in visual, auditory and/or tactile form.

Great Introductory article about neurofeedback:

Different forms of Neurofeedback are used to treat a wide variety of conditions. Treatment typically begins with the acquisition of an EEG brain map, which is then analyzed interpreted , ideally by a neutral third party. Based on the presenting concerns and the results of the brain map, a course of neurofeedback is prescribed.

Traditional Neurofeedback and Z-Score Neurofeedback

Traditional neurofeedback aims to increase or decrease some aspect (i.e. amplitude, coherence, phase, etc) of a specific frequency of EEG activity. When the brain produces the desired EEG signature, positive feedback is delivered in the form of visual, auditory or tactile feedback. Over the course of treatment, the reward criteria become more stringent as EEG activity is driven toward the desired state. The duration of treatment of typically 40 sessions. Unlike psychoactive medication, whose effects are dependent on the half-life of the medication, the effects of neurofeedback are long-lasting.

Low Frequency Neurofeedback

Low Frequency Neurofeedback, also called ISF or ILF, is a passive form of neurofeedback, meaning that people are not trying to actively increase or decrease a specific EEG feature. Instead, they sit back and listen to an auditory tone that is synchronized to a specific frequency. ISF/ILF neurofeedback is used to treat a variety of conditions, including:

  • Anxiety and anxiety disorders (including social anxiety, performance-related anxiety, selective mutism, OCD and other issues related to anxiety)
  • Emotional dysregulation and/or chronic rigidity associated with autism spectrum disorders
  • Issues related to reactive attachment disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress syndrome
  • Stress and/or stress related conditions
  • ADHD, inattentive subtype

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